Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a devastating and progressive disorder, and a common cause of early onset dementia. Progranulin (PGRN) haploinsufficiency due to autosomal dominant mutations in the progranulin gene (GRN) is an important cause of FTLD (FTLD-GRN), and nearly a quarter of these genetic cases are due to a nonsense mutation. Premature termination codons (PTC) can be therapeutically targeted…
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The authors describe a very interesting mechanism for the regulation of symmetric versus asymmetric cellular division. The work describes a process whereby mitotic spindle orientation dictates the inheritance of an integrin, α6b1, which is a marker of epithelial stem cells, and provides the growth/division signal. They also identify, for the first time, that Stat3 can regulate mitotic spindle orientation through a non-transcriptional pathway.
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Cross-species complementation can be used to generate humanized yeast, which is a valuable resource with which to model and study human biology. Humanized yeast can be used as an in vivo platform to screen for chemical inhibition of human protein drug targets. To this end, we report the systematic complementation of nonessential yeast genes implicated in chromosome instability (CIN) with their human…
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Accumulation of amyloid β protein (Aβ) due to increased generation and/or impaired degradation plays an important role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis. In this report, we describe the identification of rare coding mutations in the endothelin-converting enzyme 2 (ECE2) gene in 1 late-onset AD family, and additional case-control cohort analysis indicates ECE2 variants associated with the risk of developing AD. The 2…
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Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an uncommon B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that is incurable with standard therapies. The genetic drivers of this cancer have not been firmly established and the features that contribute to differences in clinical course remain limited. To extend our understanding of the biological pathways involved in this malignancy, we performed a large-scale genomic analysis of MCL…
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Recently generated proteomic data provides unprecedented insight into stress granule composition and stands as fruitful ground for further analysis. Stress granules are stress-induced biological assemblies that are of keen interest due to being linked to both long-term cell viability and a variety of protein aggregation-based diseases. Herein we compile recently published stress granule composition data, formed specifically through heat and…
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Clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a common therapy resistant disease with aberrant angiogenic and immunosuppressive features. Patients with metastatic disease are treated with targeted therapies based on clinical features: low-risk patients are usually treated with anti-angiogenic drugs and intermediate/high-risk patients with immune therapy. However, there are no biomarkers available to guide treatment choice for these patients. A recently published…
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Transmembrane protein 30A (TMEM30A) maintains the asymmetric distribution of phosphatidylserine, an integral component of the cell membrane and ‘eat-me’ signal recognized by macrophages. Integrative genomic and transcriptomic analysis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) from the British Columbia population-based registry uncovered recurrent biallelic TMEM30A loss-of-function mutations, which were associated with a favorable outcome and uniquely observed in DLBCL. Using TMEM30A-knockout systems, increased accumulation…
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The authors have identified a new cellular antiviral mechanism involving the host RNA degradation system. They demonstrate that the presence of viral RNA intermediates generated during viral replication can trigger the relocation of RNA degradation enzymes into the viral replication complexes, allowing the host RNases to degrade viral RNA and inhibit uncontrolled viral propagation. They were also able to identify the characteristics of viral RNA that trigger this antiviral system.
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The Cre-loxP system is invaluable for spatial and temporal control of gene knockout, knockin, and reporter expression in the mouse nervous system. However, we report varying probabilities of unexpected germline recombination in distinct Cre driver lines designed for nervous system-specific recombination. Selective maternal or paternal germline recombination is showcased with sample Cre lines. Collated data reveal germline recombination in over…
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